Final study guide For FP

Final study guide For FP - Chapter 6: Layout Planning...

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Chapter 6: Layout Planning Models and Design Algorithms Layout Planning Developing the layout is an important step it serves to establish the physical relationships between organizational activities. It is important that the facilities planner to be both creative and comprehensive in generating layout alternatives. In this chapter we are interested in the development of block layouts as opposed to detailed layouts. So, which comes first, the material handling system or the facility layout Both! The layout and the handling system should be designed simultaneously. The complexity of the design problem generally requires that a sequential process be used. For this reason, it is recommended that a number of alternative layout plans be developed and the appropriate material handling system be designed for each. One reason for focusing on the layout first is to put an “over-emphasis” on the manufacturing process. The preferred layout will be that which results from a consideration of the total system. Basic Layout Types: Layout Procedures: Two categories: Construction - involves developing a new layout "from scratch“ Improvement - generate layout alternatives based on an existing layout Representative Layout Procedures Apple’s plant layout procedure Reed’s plant layout procedure Muther’s Systematic Layout Planning (SLP) Application-specific models (e.g., Thomas) Algorithmic approaches Apple’s plant layout procedure Proposed the following detailed sequence of steps in producing a plant layout: 1. Procure the basic data. 2. Analyze the basic data.
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3. Design the productive process. 4. Plan the material flow pattern. 5. Consider the general material handling plan. 6. Calculate equipment requirements. 7. Plan individual workstations. 8. Select specific material handling equipment. 9. Coordinate groups of related operations. 10. Design activity interrelationships. 11. Determine storage requirements. 12. Plan service and auxiliary requirements. 13. Determine space requirements. 14. Allocate activities to total space. 15. Consider building types. 16. Construct master layout. 17. Evaluate, adjust, and check the layout with the appropriate persons. 18. Obtain approvals. 19. Install the layout. 20. Follow up on implementation of the layout. 1. Production line departments Product layouts 2. Fixed material location departments Fixed product layouts 3. Product family departments Product family/GT layouts
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Process departments Process layout Reed’s Plant Layout Procedure Recommended the following as required steps in planning for and preparing the layout: Analyze the product or products to be produced. Determine the process required to manufacture the product.
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2010 for the course ENGR IE 4355 taught by Professor Dr.patrickthomas during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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Final study guide For FP - Chapter 6: Layout Planning...

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