EUH 2000 - 4. The rise and fall of Rome

EUH 2000 - 4. The rise and fall of Rome - 04 The Rise and...

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Unformatted text preview: 04. The Rise and Fall of Rome • Geography o Apennines bisect the country (From N to S) o Full of productive agricultural land Led to bigger population o Tyrrhenian Sea o Tiber River Shallow enough to trade Rome – 18 miles from Tyrrhenian Sea • In a centralized position in peninsula • Center of Mediterranean Sea o 7 hills - Defense Aventine Caelian Capitoline Esquiline Palatine Quirinal Viminal • Historical Periods o Monarchy o Republic o Empire • Early Rome (Monarchy) (735 – 509 BC) o Foundation Remus and Romulus • Offspring of the god of war Mars with Virgin o Found by a she wolf and nursed by she wolf o Fight with one another o Want to name the city after themselves, climb to a top of hill, and a group of birds circle Romulus, and kills Remus Rape of the Sabine Women • Anyone who comes to Rome become a citizen (criminals-men) • Sneak into city of Sabia and steal women o Women rush out and say they had fallen in love with their captors 753 BCE • A group of random people settled on the hills and begun a civilization (villages of huts) • Etruscan Monarchs – Set themselves up as Kings of the Romans 1 o Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (Tarquin I) (616-576 BCE) Set up a forum where they could discuss laws Assassinated o Servius Tullius (578-535 BCE) (son in law) Etruscan influence at its highest 4 achievements: • 1. Creates Rome’s first Legion • 2. Timocratic – if you own property you can take part in government • 3. Built first wall that encircled the entire city • 4. First Cult of Diana o Sacrifices made to the goddess of Diana o Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud) (534-510 BCE) (Son of original Tarquin) Collected a lot of taxes • Built bath houses but was only open to upper class Overthrown by Brutis The Roman Republic (509 – 133 BC) • Regillus city-state attacks (499 BC) o Latin o Rome wins because of their paid army 9-15% of men in army – 25% during war times Stipendium – anyone who wanted to fight would be paid to pay someone to work their farms, also would be given weapons and armor if they could not afford it • Fought for a pay check • The Celts (Sack of Rome – 387 BC) o Rome lost but not really a big deal • Plains of Latium – Under Control of Rome o Primarily farm land o Spoke Latin language/ had same culture/allowed to be citizens of Rome • Samnites (hill dwelling people – Apennine mountains) o Takes 50 years to beat Samnites o civitas sine suffragio (citizens without the right to vote) people who were defeated and had all the rights of being Roman minus the right to vote o The Greeks Rome wins – however culturally Greeks win • Adopt Greek alphabet • Roman Pantheon o Sculpture and art closest relation between the 2 • Begin to dress like Greeks (makeup and jewelry) 2 • Olives and grapes o Etruscans (264 BC) Roman Confederation • Built many straight roads • Lack of a Navy...
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EUH 2000 - 4. The rise and fall of Rome - 04 The Rise and...

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