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6_Ch4_Latin%20America_new

6_Ch4_Latin%20America_new - 17 Countries and 527 million...

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17 Countries and 527 million people From Mexico / U.S. border to… Home of AMAZON: world's largest Rain Forest World's Longest Mountain Range (the Andes ) RioGrande -Tieradel Fuego
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Bolivian President EvoMorales chats with an Aymarawoman in El Alto. Morales –1 st Amerindian President of Bolivia
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circle5 Homogeneity is part of the colonial legacy : square3 Primary colonizers were Spain and Portugal square3 Extemsovehistory of slaves African and Indigenous circle5 70-75% Urbanized –much disparity in Urbanized square3 Region is the most urbanized region of the developing world . circle5 Has several Megacities and Primate Cities square3 Mega Cities: defined: square3 excess of 10 million people w/ density 2000/sq KM square3 Rapid growth, -with new forms of spatial density (sprawl, flavelas) square3 Large informal economics (non taxed –non monitored –up to 60%) square3 Higher poverty, crime , & social fragmentation square3 ex: Buenos Aries, Rio de Janeiro, Mexico City, São Paulo square3 Primate Cities: square3 Leading city in a country or region. square3 Disproportionately larger (twice as large) as the next closest square3 (Ex: Mexico City, Bogotá, Caracas, Lima , Tegucigalpa, Buenos Aries)
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Sao Palo: 27 million Mexico City: Population 21 million Tegucigalpa : 1.3 million Buenos Aires: Population 13 mil.
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circle5 Latin America is the size of North America square3 43% larger population square3 far greater ecological diversity square3 Great climate diversity and range square3 Aconcagua , Argentina: 22,834’ asl(Argentina) square3 Laguna del Carbon –344’ bsl(Argentina) square3 San JuliansGreat Depression 344’ bsl circle5 Includes 17 countries square3 All share a history of Iberian colonization . circle5 Population Distribution (Density) circle5 square3 Brazil with 190 million……..(58) square3 Mexico with 107 million… (140) square3 Colombia 43 million……….(109) square3 Argentina 39.5 million...…. (38) square3 Peru 28 million…………….(57) square3 Venezuela 25 million………(76) square3 Chile 16 million ……………(56) square3 Ecuador 13 million ……….. (127) square3 Bolivia 8 million ………… (21) square3 Paraguay 6 million ……… (42) square3 Uruguay 3.5 million ………(51)
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circle5 Noted for production of primary exports &manufactured goods (agriculture and extractive) circle5 Rates of economic development vary greatly among states. vary circle5 Economic development: measured as an increase in standard of living of a nation's population. square3 Associated with sustained growth from a simple, low-income economy to a modern, high-income economy
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circle5 Population Density: square3 persons per sq mile (sq kilometer) square3 Measures population pressures on land (depends on scale) square3 New York 408/sq mile Texas 79/sq mile circle5 GDP –Gross Domestic Product square3 total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nation's borders during a given period square3 Measure as a total or per person (pre capita) circle5 Literacy Rate : square3 the number of people in country able to read and write.
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