6_Ch4_Latin%20America_new

6_Ch4_Latin%20America_new - 17 Countries and 527 million...

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17 Countries and 527 million people rom Mexico / U.S. border to… Home of AMAZON: world's largest Rain Forest World's Longest Mountain Range (the Andes ) From Mexico / U.S. border to… Rio Grande - Tiera del Fuego
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Bolivian President Evo Morales chats with an Aymara woman in El Alto. Morales – 1 st Amerindian President of Bolivia
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c Homogeneity is part of the colonial legacy : s Primary colonizers were Spain and Portugal s Extemsove history of slaves African and Indigenous c 70-75% Urbanized – much disparity in Urbanized s Region is the most urbanized region of the developing world . c Has several Megacities and Primate Cities s Mega Cities: defined: s excess of 10 million people w/ density 2000/sq KM s Rapid growth, - with new forms of spatial density (sprawl, flavelas) s Large informal economics (non taxed –non monitored – up to 60%) s Higher poverty, crime , & social fragmentation s ex: Buenos Aries, Rio de Janeiro, Mexico City, São Paulo s Primate Cities: s Leading city in a country or region. s Disproportionately larger (twice as large) as the next closest s (Ex: Mexico City, Bogotá, Caracas, Lima , Tegucigalpa, Buenos Aries)
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Sao Palo: 27 million Mexico City: Population 21 million Tegucigalpa : 1.3 million Buenos Aires: Population 13 mil.
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c Latin America is the size of North America s 43% larger population s far greater ecological diversity s Great climate diversity and range s Aconcagua , Argentina: 22,834’ asl (Argentina) s Laguna del Carbon – 344’ bsl (Argentina) s San Julians Great Depression 344’ bsl c Includes 17 countries s All share a history of Iberian colonization . opulation Distribution (Density) c Population Distribution (Density) s Brazil with 190 million……. .(58) s Mexico with 107 million… (140) s Colombia 43 million……….(109) s Argentina 39.5 million. ..…. (38) s Peru 28 million…………….(57) s Venezuela 25 million………(76) s Chile 16 million ……………(56) s Ecuador 13 million ………. . (127) s Bolivia 8 million ………… (21) s Paraguay 6 million ……… (42) s Uruguay 3.5 million ………(51)
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c Noted for production of primary exports & manufactured goods (agriculture and extractive) c Rates of economic development vary greatly among states. c Economic development: measured as an increase in standard of living of a nation's population. s Associated with sustained growth from a simple, low-income economy to a modern, high-income economy
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c Population Density: s persons per sq mile (sq kilometer) s Measures population pressures on land (depends on scale) s New York 408/sq mile Texas 79/sq mile c GDP – Gross Domestic Product s total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nation's borders during a given period s Measure as a total or per person (pre capita) c Literacy Rate : s the number of people in country able to read and write. ritical measure of human capital
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2010 for the course CHEM 107 taught by Professor Generalchemforeng during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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6_Ch4_Latin%20America_new - 17 Countries and 527 million...

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