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6_Ch4_Latin%20Americanew

6_Ch4_Latin%20Americanew - Chapter 4 Latin America 17...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/24/10 Chapter 4 – Latin America Home of AMAZON: world's largest Rain Forest World's Longest Mountain Range (the Andes ) 17 Countries and 527 million people From Mexico / U.S. border to… Rio Grande - Tiera del Fuego
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2/24/10 Bolivian President Evo Morales chats with an Aymara woman in El Alto. Morales – 1st Amerindian President of Bolivia
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2/24/10 Imprints Homogeneity is part of the colonial legacy : Primary colonizers were Spain and Portugal Extemsove history of slaves African and Indigenous 70-75% Urbanized – much disparity in Urbanized Region is the most urbanized region of the developing world . Has several Megacities and Primate Cities Mega Cities: defined: excess of 10 million people w/ density 2000/sq KM
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2/24/10 Tegucigalpa : 1.3 million Sao Palo: 27 million Mega? Primate? Mexico City: Population 21 million Buenos Aires: Population 13 mil.
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2/24/10 In General Latin America is the size of North America 43% larger population far greater ecological diversity Great climate diversity and range Aconcagua , Argentina: 22,834’ asl (Argentina) Laguna del Carbon – 344’ bsl (Argentina) San Julians Great Depression 344’ bsl Includes 17 countries All share a history of Iberian colonization .
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2/24/10 In General Noted for production of primary exports & manufactured goods (agriculture and extractive) Rates of economic development vary greatly among states. Economic development: measured as an increase in
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2/24/10 Indicators Population Density: persons per sq mile (sq kilometer) Measures population pressures on land (depends on scale) New York 408/sq mile Texas 79/sq mile GDP – Gross Domestic Product total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nation's borders during a given period Measure as a total or per person (pre capita) Literacy Rate : the number of people in country able to read and write. Critical measure of human capital (80% world wide – US about 99% - Brazil 90% - Bhutan 47%)
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2/24/10 Economic Growth vs. Development Economic growth: A measure of the value of output of goods and services within a time period Economic Development: A measure of the welfare of humans in a society Economic growth may be one aspect of economic development but is not the same
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2/24/10 Many Economic Advances…
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