Presidents_Part1_McKinnley-Wilson - Presidency Chart u2013...

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Presidency Chart – William McKinley (25 th ) (1897 - 1901) The Election of 1896- William McKinley, the Republican candidate, defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan The Election of 1900- a re-match of the 1896 race, Republican President William McKinley defeated his Democratic challenger, William Jennings Bryan . Major Items during McKinley’s Presidency New Imperialism (Mahan, Lodge, Beveridge, Strong)- want for foreign products, conservatives thought it would add safety value after the panic, wanted to achieve new territory thought economic and political gain Spanish-American War (April – July, 1898)- Caribbean was target of imperialism, investments in Cuban sugar were justified with Monroe doctrine, and the people wanted war against Spain to gain territory, politicians disagreed but did anyway Annexation of Hawaii (1898)- American's settled there and helped overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy, Cleveland opposed imperialism and annexation of Hawaii, and the war gave reason to gain Hawaii as a territory and ash the 15th state Teller Amendment (1898)- Declared war, US didn't want to take political control of Cuba, and after peace was restored Cuba could control it's own government Platt Amendment (1901)- pulled us troops out of Cuba 1. Cuba couldn't sign and treaty relaying it's independence to a foreign power 2. US could intervene to keep Cuba in order 3. allow 1 US naval base in Cuba Filipino Insurrection (1899-1902)- began with a skirmish on the night of February 4, 1899, just outside of Manila. Fighting initially centered on the area around the city, with Filipino forces employing traditional European style warfare Puerto Rico – Foraker Act (1900)- President McKinley signed a civil law that established a civilian government in Puerto Rico . This law was known as the Foraker Act for its sponsor, Joseph Benson Foraker (an Ohio statesman), and also as the Organic Act of 1900. Insular cases (1901)- constitution didn't extend to territory's and power to decide if it did was reserved to congress Open Door Notes- all countries would have equal trading opportunity's in China
Boxer Rebellion- US immigrants were attacked in China, US marched into Beijing and forced China to pay US; tins weakened he Imperial Regime Gold Standard Act or Currency Act (1900)- was passed in 1900 and established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism Progressive Era- the peoples interest too improve life n the industrial age, limiting the power of big businesses was a common goal McKinley’s Assassination (Sept., 1901)- McKinley was shot by an anarchist(someone who opposed all forms of government Presidency Chart – Theodore Roosevelt (26 th ) (1901-1909) The Election of 1904- incumbent Republican President Theodore Roosevelt defeated the Democratic nominee, Alton B
Major Figures in Roosevelt’s Cabinet- George B. Cortelyou, Charles Joseph Bonaparte, Robert Bacon, James Wilson, Truman Handy Newberry Domestic Policy The Progressive Era: Political reforms- an urban, middle‐class reform movement, supported the government taking a

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