Myth%20lecture%203[1] - Lecture 3: Historical Background...

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Lecture 3: Historical Lecture 3: Historical Background Background 01/26/200 01/26/200
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Periods of Greek History Periods of Greek History Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000-1600 BC) Late Bronze Age (also known as Mycenaean Age) (1600-1150 BC) Dark Age (1150-800 BC) Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Classical Period (490-323 BC) – from Persian Wars to the death of Alexander Hellenistic Period (323-30 BC) – from the death of Alexander to the death of Cleopatra VII, the last ruling descendant of the generals of Alexander.
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Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000- Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000- 1600 BC) 1600 BC) The Palace civilization on Crete (Minoan Crete) and mainland Greece
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Don’t try this at home! Don’t try this at home!
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Minoan Crete Minoan Crete Named after mythical king Minos (cf. myths of the gold-fleeced bull and the Minotaur Abundance of bulls in Minoan art Extremely wealthy No walls/fortifications Thucydides tells that this was the first naval empire Destroyed ca. 1450 BC, perhaps by Mycenaeans from mainland Greece
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Mycenaean Age (1600-1150 BC) Mycenaean Age (1600-1150 BC) Named for the citadel of Mycenae
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Mycenaean Civilization Mycenaean Civilization Linear B tablets Several gods mentioned Mysterious collapse/destruction at the end of the Bronze Age Return of the children of Heracles? myth and history collide!
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Dark Age (1150-800 BC) Dark Age (1150-800 BC) No more monumental building Population decline No more linear B Invention of the Greek Alphabet (based on Phoenician alphabet)
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Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Archaic Period (800-490 BC) Mostly archaeological evidence Rise of the polis (city-state; plural poleis ) – single biggest change! No unified Greece Colonization
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Key Cultural Institutions Key Cultural Institutions in the Archaic period and beyond in the Archaic period and beyond Xenia (guest-friendship) – already mentioned in Homer (e.g., Diomedes and Glaucus) Symposium (aristocratic drinking parties)
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Homeric” Warfare Homeric” Warfare Homer’s Iliad (ca. 8 th century BC) Emphasis on individual achievement – reflected in the armor No standard armor
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Myth%20lecture%203[1] - Lecture 3: Historical Background...

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