Lecture%2022[1]

Lecture%2022[1] - The Aftermath of the War of the Seven...

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The Aftermath of the War of the Seven Against Thebes 03/25/09
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Review: The War of the Seven against Thebes After the revelation of the truth about Oedipus, Eteocles and Polynices agree to reign in alternate years Eteocles hogs the throne Polynices assembles army with Adrastos, and attacks Thebes Eteocles and Polynices kill each other in battle Kreon takes the throne of Thebes
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Rules of War in Ancient Greece Unofficial rules govern conduct during and after battle in wars between Greek city-states Violation of these rules results in loss of prestige/honor Rule #1: Limit use of non-hoplite arms Rule #2: Pursuit of defeated and retreating opponents should be limited Rule #3: No killing soldiers AFTER surrender Rule #4: Noncombatants should not be primary targets of attack Rule #5: All battle dead have right to burial
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Violations of Rules of War in Myths Most common rule violated in myths about wars – rule concerning burial of war dead Aftermath of the War of the Seven: Kreon either forbids Polynices to be buried OR refuses burial to all enemy dead
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Aftermath of the War of the Seven against Thebes Two major tragedies dealing with aftermath of the war, each focusing on a different issue Antigone (ca. 442 BC): individual/ oikos vs. polis Suppliant Women (late 420s): the right of the defeated to bury the bodies of the dead; contrast of Athens and Thebes A Theban edict forbidding burial of the enemy dead spurs the action in both plays
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Sophocles’ Antigone Antigone – chronologically the last of Theban plays, but composed first (ca. 442 BC) Oedipus Tyrannos – ca. 429 BC Oedipus at Colonus – composed in 407/6 BC Antigone picks up where Aeschylus’ Seven against Thebes left off Unusual: no mention of Athens or specific references to Ath. politics
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Antigone : Plot Events take place in Thebes on the day after end of war Antigone urges Ismene to come with her and bury Polynices; Ismene refuses Kreon addresses the chorus of Theban elders, tells them of his edict re: burial of Eteocles and no burial for Polynices Guard reports to Kreon that someone violated his edict and performed funeral rites for Polynices
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Plot II The Chorus sings the Ode to Man
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Lecture%2022[1] - The Aftermath of the War of the Seven...

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