Lecture%2015[1] - TheLaborsofHeracles 02/25/09...

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The Labors of Heracles 02/25/09
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Metopes at Temple of Zeus at  Olympia
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The Twelve Labors Heracles as culture-bringer Founder of games/institutions Destroyer of the wild/savage/dangerous  to man-kind Unaware of his own heroism during the  labors Labors as  athloi  – athletic contests
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Labor 1: The Nemean Lion Lion ravaging the country around  Nemea (northwest of Mycenae) Lion’s skin impenetrable to arrows, so  H. had to strangle him H. skinned the lion with one of its own  claws Lion’s skin and club cut at Nemea –  attributes of H. thereafter Foundation of Nemean Games – held  the year before and year after Olympics;  sacred to Zeus
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Labor 2: The Lernaean Hydra Name suggests water Lived in swamps of Lerna – southeast  of Mycenae As H. sliced off each head, 2 more grew Iolaus had to cauterize the stump of  each head Central head was immortal, so H. had to  bury it under a rock H. dipped his arrows in Hydra’s poison
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Heracles, Iolaus, and the Hydra
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Labor 3: The Ceryneian Hynd Ceryneia – remote mountain in northern  Peloponnese Deer sacred to Artemis H. had to track the hynd for a year;  captured her in Arcadia Ran into Apollo and Artemis on the way  back, and had to justify his actions
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Labor 4: The Erymanthian  Boar Lived on Mount Erymanthus in Arcadia  (central Peloponnese) H. asked centaur Chiron for advice on  catching the boar; was told to drive it  into snow   winter-time labor When H. captured the boar and brought  it to Eurystheus, he was frightened and  hid in a storage jar
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Heracles, Eurystheus, and the  Erymanthian Boar
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Side-Deed (Parergon): Pholus While hunting for the boar, H. visits Centaur  Pholus H. asked for wine, and although Pholus warned  him that wine belonged to all Centaurs and he  shouldn’t drink it, H. went ahead Centaurs immediately attacked H., and while  defending himself, H. accidentally killed Chiron  – the wise, friendly Centaur After battle, Pholus picked up one of H.’s  arrows, accidentally dropped it on his hoof, and  died
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course CC 303 taught by Professor Perlman during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lecture%2015[1] - TheLaborsofHeracles 02/25/09...

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