Lecture%2011[1]

Lecture%2011[1] - Myths of Origins of Races, Cities, and...

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Myths of Origins of Races, Cities, and Colonies Foundation Myths and History in the  Greek World 02/13/09
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Myths of Origins of Mortals Enuma Elish  – creation of man from  mashing bones and blood of a god Hesiod,  Works and Days  – generations  of races of mortals Hesiod,  Theogony  and  Works and Days   – creation of the first woman (Pandora)
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Myths of Origins of Mortals (continued) Gods create men and women  separately   men and women are set  up as different races with different  origins But how did the other racial/geographic  differences between mortals come  about?
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Myth and History Questions of origin: object of  scientific and historical inquiry, but  sometimes only possible to answer  in myth For Greek historians, some myths  = history Especially true re: origins of  cities/races
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Historical Facts Dialect/race differences among the  Greeks (Dorian vs. Ionic) The rise of the  polis   Poleis  all over Greece Colonization
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Dialects
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Historical Questions with Mythical Answers What is the origin of the institution of the  polis  in general, and of each individual  city in particular? What is the origin of colonies? What caused the collapse of the  Mycenaean civilization? How did the various races of the Greeks  come about?
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Origin of Cities Thucydides: “Even after the Trojan war  Hellas was still engaged in removing  and settling, and thus could not attain to  the quiet which must precede growth.  The late return of the Hellenes from  Ilium caused many revolutions, and  factions ensued almost everywhere;  and it was the citizens thus driven into  exile who founded the cities”
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Mythical Origins of Races Dorian Race (Peloponnese) – descended  from the Heraclidae (children of Heracles) Origin of Athenians: autochthony! Ionian Race (Athens and the environs) –  descended from Ion (eponymous hero) Euripides’  Ion : Dorus (  Dorians) and  Achaeus (  Achaeans) sons of Creusa  and Xuthus
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Origin of the Athenians Erichthonius – born from the earth  (autochthony) 3-fold parentage: Hephaestus, Gaia,  and Athena First Athenian – son of two mothers and  one father First woman (Pandora) – also creation  of Hephaestus and Athena
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Birth of Erichthonius
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Erichthonius as Culture Hero Agriculture: taught his people to plow Metal-working: silver Warfare: first to yoke horses to a chariot Religion: established the Pan- Athenaean festival
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How did Athens become Athens? Version I: Contest of Poseidon and Athena, 
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course CC 303 taught by Professor Perlman during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Lecture%2011[1] - Myths of Origins of Races, Cities, and...

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