Lecture%209[1] - Relationships of Gods and Mortals:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Relationships of Gods and Mortals: Glitches and Problems 02/09/09
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Why are Gods Gods? Any force, thing, that is present from generation to generation is immortal. These were contrasted with individual animals (incl. humans) which do not endure from generation to generation. They are the forces governing all life, set ting the rules, establishing the laws of life. Θεος – Theos – “setter,” “establisher” Indo-European dhes ; probably an extension of dhea – to put, set (all THEO- words) (Pantheism, Polytheism, Monotheism, Henotheism, Atheism, Apotheosis, Enthusiasm)(related – Thesis, Synthesis, Theme) These forces were often personified, anthropomorphized, and theriomorphized.
Background image of page 2
Etymology of Zeus Ζευς - Zeus – (genitive Dios < Diwos ) Indo-European dyeu ( dyu - and diw -) – to shine; Jove, god of the bright sky, head of the Indo- European pantheon >> Sky God (cf. El) Latin – divus - god; Sanskrit – devah – god; deva - divine (Divine, Divinity, Deity, Devil, Daemon) Zeus Pater = Deus Pater = God the Father = Jupiter / Iove
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Who are the 12 Olympians? What are their attributes? and why should there be 12?
Background image of page 4
The Twelve Olympians Zeus (Jupiter) *Hestia (Vesta) Hera (Juno) *Ares (Mars) Athena (Minerva) *Hermes (Mercury) Demeter (Ceres) *Aphrodite (Venus) Apollo (Apollo) *Hephaestus (Vulcan) Artemis (Diana) *Poseidon (Neptune) N.B. In some lists, Hestia is replaced by Dionysus (Bacchus)
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Origins of Interactions of Gods and Humans The First Sacrifice at Mekone (Hesiod) Epiphany of gods to humans proves a god’s divinity; establishment of cult that allows continued interaction of gods and humans E.g., Demeter (Eleusinian Mysteries), Apollo (Delphi and Delos) Epiphany of Dionysus – shows the god’s greatness; demands respect same demands as when establishing a cult
Background image of page 6
Zeus and Mortals “Muses … sing of Zeus and make hymns to your Father. It is through Him that mortal men go unmentioned or mentioned, spoken or unspoken alike, as great Zeus wills . For easily he strengthens, and easily he brings the strong man low; easily he humbles the proud and raises the obscure, and easily he straightens the crooked and blasts the proud - Zeus who thunders aloft and has his dwelling most high. Attend … and make judgements straight with righteousness .” (Hesiod, W&D, 1-10)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
“But they who give straight judgements … and go not aside from what is just , their city flourishes, and the people prosper in it: Peace, the nurse of children, is abroad in their land, and all-seeing Zeus never decrees cruel war against them. Neither famine nor disaster ever haunt men who do true justice; but light-heartedly they tend the fields which are all their care. The earth bears them food in plenty, and on the mountains the oak bears acorns upon the top and bees in the midst. Their woolly sheep are laden with fleeces; their women bear children like their parents. They flourish
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 44

Lecture%209[1] - Relationships of Gods and Mortals:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online