PS 252Exam 1 Study GuideDr_1

PS 252Exam 1 Study GuideDr_1 - PS 252 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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PS 252 Exam 1 Study Guide Dr. Sousa Readings Covered on the Exam: Chap 1: Pp 2-11 Pp 15-20 Chap 3: Pp 57-64 Pp 67-79 Pp 82-92 Chap 5: Pp 136-160 Understand the following concepts and theories: Definition of personality - the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that are organized and relatively enduring and that influence his or her interaction w/, and adaptations to, the intrapsychic, physical, and social environments Mechanisms - Psychological mechanisms - like traits, except that it refers more to the processes of personality 3 essential ingredients Inputs Decision rules Outputs Environment - can be physical, social, and intrapsychic (within the mind). Which aspect is important at any moment in time is frequently determined by the personality of the person in that environment Domain of knowledge - is a specialty area of science, in which psychologists have focused on learning about some specific and limited aspects of human nature. It delineates the boundaries of researcher' knowledge , expertise, and interests Dispositional Domain - traits the person is born with or develops Deals centrally with the ways in which individuals differ from one another Individuals tend to differ in their habitual emotions, in their habitual concepts of self, in their physiological propensities, and even in their intrapsychic mechanisms Biological Domain - traits from biological events Core assumption that humans are , first and foremost, collections of biological systems, and these systems provide the building blocks for behavior, thought, and emotion Biological approaches - refers to three areas of research within this general domain: genetics, psychophysiology, and evolution Intrapsychic Domain - conflicts w/n the person's own mind Deals w/ mental mechanisms of personality, many of which operate outside of conscious awareness. Freud's psychoanalysis theory - makes assumptions about the instinctual system - the sexual forces that are presumed to drive and energize much of human activity Also includes defense mechanisms Cognitive-Experiential Domain - personal and private thoughts, feelings, desires, beliefs, and other subjective experiences Focuses on cognition and subjective experience, such as conscious thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and desires about oneself and others
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Social and Cultural Domain - social, cultural, and gendered positions in the world The assumption is that personality is not something that merely resides within the heads, nervous systems, and genes of individuals. Rather, personality affects, and is affected by, the social and cultural context Adjustment Domain - the adjustments that the person must make to the
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  • Spring '09
  • Sousa
  • Big Five personality traits, individual differences, major personality traits, mean level stability, rank order stability

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PS 252Exam 1 Study GuideDr_1 - PS 252 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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