091124 - PT56_RC_birdwellv - December 2008 Exam Solutions...

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December 2008 Exam Solutions Section IV: Reading Comprehension Passage 2 This is a rare passage in that the author doesn’t really take a side. The passage reads more like a book report than an argument. Early on, the author presents the question “why does kin recognition occur?” The passage goes on to explain and give an example for one relatively new theory (inclusive fitness) and ends by mentioning and giving one example of other possible theories. Summary of Paragraphs Paragraph 1 begins with the essential question “Why does kin recognition occur at all?” and offers one explanation, inclusive fitness theory Paragraph 2 explains inclusive fitness theory and supports with the example of the Spadefoot toad tadpole. Paragraph 3 begins with the ever-important pivot word “But,” suggesting that there may be other reasons for kin recognition. This idea is supported with the example of the tiger salamander. other reasons -honeybees -tadpoles - AUTHOR inclusive fitness -traditional theory -salamanders
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Questions 8. (A) Question type: Synthesis The correct answer to a main point question must represent the entirety of the argument presented. Oftentimes, incorrect choices will leave out an essential point or add an inessential detail. Answer choice (A) correctly represents the main idea of the passage. (B) is out of scope. No evidence is presented that the mechanisms for kin recognition are “as various” as the purposes they serve. (C) is contradictory. The tiger salamander example weakens the inclusive fitness theory, not the view supported by traditional theorists. (D) is incorrect because of the phrase “more strongly.” The author here remains noncommittal regarding which theory is the “strongest.” (E) is extreme because of the phrase “fully explained.” The last paragraph introduces possible exceptions to the inclusive fitness theory. 9. (C) Question type: Identification This question relates to a specific detail. Note the inclusion of the word “some” in the question. This is supported by the text, as the passage says the event
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course LAW 123 taught by Professor Lsat during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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091124 - PT56_RC_birdwellv - December 2008 Exam Solutions...

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