December 2008 Exam Solutions Section IV: Reading Comprehension Passage 2 This is a rare passage in that the author doesn’t really take a side. The passage reads more like a book report than an argument. Early on, the author presents the question “why does kin recognition occur?” The passage goes on to explain and give an example for one relatively new theory (inclusive fitness) and ends by mentioning and giving one example of other possible theories. Summary of Paragraphs Paragraph 1begins with the essential question “Why does kin recognition occur at all?” and offers one explanation, inclusive fitness theory Paragraph 2explains inclusive fitness theory and supports with the example of the Spadefoot toad tadpole. Paragraph 3begins with the ever-important pivot word “But,” suggesting that there may be other reasons for kin recognition. This idea is supported with the example of the tiger salamander. other reasons -honeybees -tadpoles - AUTHORinclusive fitness-traditional theory -salamanders
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