Emotion Lecture 6 2010 Basic Emotions

Emotion Lecture 6 2010 Basic Emotions - Basic Emotions and...

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“Basic” Emotions and Facial Expression Psychology of Emotion Lecture 6 Professor David Pizarro 1 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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So far. .. What is an emotion? (no single criterion accepted, but agreement on many) What are the major theories of emotion? (some conFicting, some a matter of emphasis) How are they studied? (various methodologies to arrive at more “objective” answers) Did they evolve? What would this view of emotion entail? Do animals have emotions? 2 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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Related Issues Many of these issues are linked--e.g., animal work speaks to evolutionary and physiological hypothesis, empirical methods are linked to theoretical approaches and vice versa. Progress occurs through convergence of a variety of approaches. Key is to see whether these various empirical/conceptual approaches paint a consistent picture of emotion. 3 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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Are some emotions more “basic” than others? 4 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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Emotions as Natural Kinds Categories of objects that reFect “real” distinctions in nature, a deep similarity, or “essence”. These are categories that “ carve nature at its joints ” (Socrates/Plato) Chemical Elements (e.g., H2O) Elementary particles Species Something a set of things (objects, events, beings) has in common which distinguishes it from other things as a real set rather than as a group of things arbitrarily lumped together by a person or group of people. Not cultural “artifacts” (e.g., “things used for transportation” “Adult-Contemporary music) 5 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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Animal Spirits: Descartes’ Emotions “The function of all the passions consists solely in this, that they dispose our soul to want the things which nature deems useful for us, and to persist in this volition; and the same agitation of the spirits which normally causes the passions also disposes the body to make movements which help us to attain these things” 6 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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Descartes’ Six “Primitive” Passions Wonder Desire Love Hatred Joy Sadness “All the other [emotions] are either composed from some of these six or they are species of them” 7 Wednesday, February 10, 2010
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What “Basic” Means At least three ways in which researchers use the term “basic emotion”.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 3850 taught by Professor Pizarro, d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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Emotion Lecture 6 2010 Basic Emotions - Basic Emotions and...

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