Prelim 1 Study - 1-philosophical/historical forces causing...

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1-philosophical/historical forces causing emotions to remain understudied Rationalist Tradition in philosophy (Immanuel Kant): emotions are destructive Aristotle: non-rational view of emotion, but emotions character Plato’s Chariot: good and bad horse Descartes’ Dualism: body linked to soul; emotions= animal spirits 2- primary criteria proposed for defining emotions, and problems inherent to trying to come up with a definition Necessary and Sufficient conditions for labeling an emotion Problem with finding a definition: either too narrow for intuition, or too broad, which is scientifically unsatisfying Emotions are not: Mood, personality, cognition 3 - basics of the main theoretical approaches discussed and what distinguishes them from other approaches. Also, the basic methodologies favored by these approaches . Bodily/feeling: James-Lange theory: emotions are bodily states Functional: (Darwin) Neuroscientific: (Walter Canon): Emotions are in the brain Main Theoretical Approaches Appraisal Theory: Judgments about environment (at varying levels of consciousness) “Basic” Emotion (Ekman): (direct descent of Darwin’s approach)
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Prelim 1 Study - 1-philosophical/historical forces causing...

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