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Baboons live in not very large societies

Baboons live in not very large societies - Baboons live in...

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Baboons live in not very large societies, where males are the central actors. Aggression and dominance play a very important role for establishing a status. Males have the role of a protector and a provider. Females are the caretakers. After birth, baboons are totally depended on their mothers’ nurture. The newborns have to learn the lessons for social and environmental adaptation from their mother in the course of the first six months. After the birth of a new child, the father comes to the mother, grooms her, and provides the food. This is very unusual because at this stage the females are not receptive and sexually attractive; however, baboon males still come and play their role of the father. Baboons use many kinds of facial and body language features, interactions, such grooming and greeting in order to release messages. Greetings are the main forms for passing information from one member to another. Baboons spend most of their day foraging for food. Males are allowed to travel. However, females stay in the same place in course of their life time and forage for scarce food sources. This caused a social hierarchy among females. There are prioritized female generations, who have the right of choosing the best food. Low ranking animals will have to wait or look somewhere else. Males also have ranking, but they can change it while moving from one group to another. Males although protect the baboon groups from predators, they do not provide stability to the society. Friendship in baboon societies is a vital part for survival. Friendships can be established between females caused by their infants playing together. Friendships can be established between infants and male baboons for their later protection from the attacks of other baboons. The entire society will rescue the baboon from an attack of other group members if the infant
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