11-3-09 - HUI 239 11-3-09 Lecture Southern Question still...

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HUI 239 11-3-09 Lecture “Southern Question” still alive today. This is sparking a lot of debate in Italy. The Northern League is part of the government. Its leader is Umberto Bossi. During unification, when Garibaldi’s men went to Sicily, they had to use tough measures to deal with the Sicilians. Southern Italians considered the unification of Italy as an annexation, rather than a unification of Italy. Side-note: During WWII, when the Allies landed in Sicily in July 1943 and freed Sicily, a movement of secession (which lasted about 3 years) emerged, where Sicily wanted to separate from the rest of Italy. They were even talking about making Sicily another state of the United States. People that were fighting the Piedmonts were labeled “bandits” and “brigands”. Most of them were not criminals, but fought because of their class struggles. When Garibaldi’s men arrived in Sicily, feudalism was still in effect there. When liberation came from the North, people thought that there would be profound social changes, so the people that did fight Garibaldi’s men were doing so because of class struggles. The perception of Italy in the US was as a land of great civilization and intellectuals. All that changed at
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11-3-09 - HUI 239 11-3-09 Lecture Southern Question still...

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