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Unformatted text preview: HUI 239 12/1/09 Lecture – Italian American Influence in the United States • Some call Italy a “living museum”, especially in the field of art. Italians were the “teachers” of art to the world. • When St. Petersburg was built, the Royal Family hired Italian artists and engineers to design the city. • When America was founded there were no art, engineering, or sculpture schools. The Capitol was chosen, and an architect was hired to design the city in the European style. • Thomas Jefferson, whom was a very important founding father, was also a scientist and a patron of the arts and architecture. The Roman architecture was one of his greatest influences. He was responsible for bringing Italian artists and architects to America. • The Pantheon (Ancient Roman building) is considered a “perfect” building; a temple for the gods. Thomas Jefferson admired this building, and it is still considered the most beautiful building in the world. Had a dome . • Andrea Palladio was a famous architect of the Renaissance, and he designed many buildings for the rich families in Italy. He made palaces which had 4 identical sides so that the view can be enjoyed from the entire home. Had a dome . • Thomas Jefferson designed the University of Virginia based on the Pantheon. He also designed his home (“ Monticello ”, a little mountain) based on Palladio’s architecture, including the dome and 4 identical sides.”, a little mountain) based on Palladio’s architecture, including the dome and 4 identical sides....
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- Fall '10
- Washington, D.C., capitol building, piccirilli brothers