Introduction - Italy 1 parte Introduction: Geography...

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Italy 1 parte Introduction: Geography Students must look at the globe and place Italy in relation to Europe, Middle East, and Africa. View the Map of Europe Rome is approximately on the same parallel of Boston, however the climate and flora are vey different. Why? Look at the physical map of the peninsula (boot shape) in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. Geography also shapes culture and may affect history. View the Map of Italy 1 Mountain chains: Alps and Apennines Islands: Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, Lampedusa Rivers: (All relatively small) Po (Arno: Florence; Tiber: Rome). . Volcanoes: Etna (in Sicily), Vulcano, Stromboli, Vesuvius (Pompei)
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It is also important to look at the political map: Italy is divided in 20 regions, each is divided in provinces, and each divided in communes (municipalities), the smallest administrative unit of government: View the Map of Italy 2 There are two independent states on the Italian peninsula: Vatican City and the Republic of San Marino. The geography of the country is important to understand the culture, the flora, the economy, the politics, and foreign policy. It is, therefore, important to realize how the location and the shape of the country may have molded what the country is . It is, therefore, important to realize how the location and the shape of the country may have molded what the country is
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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Introduction: Historical Background History in a Nutshell 827 Arab Invasion of Sicily -Feudalism was based on a complex pyramidal hierarchy with the Emperor on the top -Culture mostly controlled by Church -11th century, feudalism big in Europe. In Italy political and social fragmentation; individual cities began to assert their autonomy: the naval and commercial power of the seafaring cities rose (republics): Venice, Amalfi, Pisa and Genoa. but not Italy (some in south). Central, parts of north organized as city-states. Communes-city administration: Florence, Milan, Mantova, Ferrara, etc. Democratic administration. -
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Middle class emerges because of trade and commerce. Humanism and Renaissance came about during these economic and social changes. The rediscovery of ancient Greek and Latin art and literature -Textile industry. Banking system, promissory note; insurance system -During Renaissance Florence was cultural center of the Western World. Governed by Signoria: 1265-1321: Dante Alighieri author of the Divine Comedy Marco Polo (1254 – January 8, 1324)was a merchant from the Venetian Republic who wrote Il Milione , which introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China returns from Orient to Venice 1304-74: Francesco Petrarca, poet 1313-75: Giovanni Boccaccio, author of Decameron .
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Medici in Florence, Visconti and Sforza families in Milan, Este in Ferrara “Signore”--one of the responsibilities was to make sure that citizens paid taxes. Taxes were assessed according income and wealth; creation of "Estimo": an office to assess the value of real estate (beni mobili e immobili)
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course HUI 239 taught by Professor Mariomignone during the Fall '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Introduction - Italy 1 parte Introduction: Geography...

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