history 2055 september 12 and 14

History 2055 - The English Colonies under the Old Empire The Old Empire Colonial Empire before 1763 is referred to the Old Empire o The essential

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The English Colonies under the Old Empire The Old Empire - Colonial Empire before 1763 is referred to the Old Empire o The essential part of the Old Empire was the sugar empire of the East Indies o The military significance of the North American colonies is becoming increasingly prevalent o England has colonies because these colonies will bring wealth - Mercantilism was the strategy used to enrich the mother country - England o 3 Principles Maintain a positive balance of trade and payments to increase Kingdom’s wealth (should not cost more to maintain than is coming in) Acquire colonies, which exist to benefit the imperial colony Possess and project international power through strong army and navy o Was viewed as a zero-sum game: one side wins because the other side loses (the only way to become rich is to make your neighbors poor; two sides cannot win) o By around 1750 southern Pennsylvania was the breadbasket of the English Navy as well as the rest of the colonies serving as a giant ship factory o Holland present the chief economic rival to the English colonies and the English fight three wars with them b/w 1650 and 1663 Holland cedes its colonies in NA to England (New Netherland becomes New York) o 1733 Parliament passed the Hat Act – restricting the purchasing of hats from colonial hat makers (all hats must be made in England) o 1750-1757 colonial iron makers were making better iron and selling it in
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course HIST 1234 taught by Professor Paskoff during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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History 2055 - The English Colonies under the Old Empire The Old Empire Colonial Empire before 1763 is referred to the Old Empire o The essential

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