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Unformatted text preview: Structure of the 100-chapter novel Journey to the West • Chapter 1-7: follow Monkey (end with Monkey’s punishment) • Chapter8: sets up the quest • Chapter9-12: the world of men • Chapter13-97: the adventures ( the main body of the novel, difficulties and dangers, the special bond of the pilgrims becomes stronger) • Chapter98-100: the success (the pilgrims successfully receive the sutras) Basic structure of an adventure • Pilgrims travel west • Encounter a monster • Tripitaka is often captured (in terms of his strength and power are weak) • Symbolism of Tripitaka’s flesh- To achieve the immortality- To get everlasting life • Situations are often resolved with help from Kuan-yin • The true identity of the monster is revealed- The great king of miracle : originally a golden fish in Kuan-yin’s place • The monster is killed or returns to its rightful place- Kuan-yin captured it and put it in the box • The pilgrims move on • Structure: Order Chaos Restoration of Order → →- Reminds of the Haiku - Confusion: Know your place in the society (if you are the golden fish, you should be in your place) Monster • Yaoguai  or Yaojing  • Non-human creatures who acquire magical powers • Symbolize chaos and disorder- They acquire the power they shouldn’t get • A fine line between monsters and disciples- Resemble each other closely Monster: Character • What are monsters like?...
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- Spring '10
- Gautama Buddha, Tripitaka, Pilgrims travel west