EALC (notes) - TangDynasty(618907 CapitalChangan:...

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 Tang Dynasty (618-907) A high point of Chinese civilization Capital- Chang’an ( ) : the largest cosmopolitan city Tang Poetry Pinnacle of the Chinese literary tradition Set the model that the tradition never felt it surpassed Poetry of regulation New style poems (regulated verse) Parallelism (two lines go together):  - In a parallel couplet, not only must the syntax, tonal pattern and content but the  aesthetic and philosophical allusions, be all separately matched and balanced. - Create a sense of symmetry, harmony, yin-yan concept - Example:  -  “Sending a friend on his way”  First two lines -> couplet Poetry of social exchange A social act Occasions: visiting friends, parties, group extrusion, parting Poetry of Persona Poets wrote in the personas of people other than themselves - -  (pp.99) “ The river merchant’s wife: A letter” o Imagines a lonely merchant’s wife 9/14/09
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- - (pp.104) “ Out to the Frontier”  o The situation of a frontier soldier Li Bai ( ) 701-762 (Romantic eccentric) The unconventional talent - Unbound by Confucian ideology - Known for his extravagant imagination Topics of his poems - Taoist transcendence - Celebration of drinking Li bai: “Drinking Alone by Moonlight”  (pp. 102) - Function of the moon: 1) mood is conveyed? 2) Space presented? 3) Relate to Li’s  philosophy of life? Du Fu ( ) 712-770 (Confucian Moralist) “Sage of Poetry” - Concerned with morality and society at large (Realistic) “ Poet historian” - Famous for poems recounting his experience during social turmoil An Lushan Rebellion  (755) „“ ˛‚“ 9/14/09
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Du fu : “The view in Spring” (pp.103) - A kingdom smashed, its hills and rivers still here,        spring in the city, plants and trees grow deep.       Moved by the moment, flowers splash with tears,        alarmed at parting, birds startle the heart.       War’s beacon fires have gone on three months,       letters from home are worth thousands in gold.      Fingers run through white hair until it thins,      cap-pins will almost no longer hold. - Historical event refer to An Lushan Rebellion - Juxtaposition of the ruins and spring time? Life is still going on, great contrast  nature
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  Tang Dynasty (618-907) Buddhism -  Reached its peak in the early Tang -  Declined during the late Tang (because of the Rebellion) The civil service examination - From rule by aristocrats to rule by scholar  (bureaucrats) - Draw best talents - 2 types of exams : 1) Confucian classic [Book of Songs and Analytics]      2) Literary ability Tang Women Rights to education Greater autonomy ( Freedom)
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course EALC 275 taught by Professor Wang during the Spring '10 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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EALC (notes) - TangDynasty(618907 CapitalChangan:...

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