Geography- The science that studies the interdependence and
interaction among geographic areas, natural systems, processes, society, and
cultural activities over space-a spatial science. The five themes of
geographic education are location, place, movement, regions, and human-
Spatial- The nature or character of physical space, as in an area;
occupying or operating within a space. Geography is a spatial science:
spatial analysis its essential approach.
Spatial analysis- The examination of spatial interactions, patterns, nd
variations over area and/or space; a key integrative approach of geography.
Process- A set of actions and changes that occur in some special
order; analysis of processes is central to modern geographic synthesis.
Physical geography- The science concerned with spatial aspects and
interactions of the physical elements and processes that make up the
enviorment: energy, air, water, weather, climate, landforms, soils, animals,
plants, microorganisms, and earth.
Scientific method- An approach that uses applied common sense in an
organized and objective manner; based on observation, generalization,
formulation, and testing a hypothesis, and ultimately developing a theory.
System- An ordered, interrelated set of materials or items existing
separate from the environment or within a boundary; energy transformations
and energy and matter storage and retrieval occur within a system.
Open system- A system with inputs and outputs crossing back and
forth between the system and the surrounding enviorment. Earth is an open
system in terms of energy (compare closed system).
Closed system- A system that is shut off from the surrounding