Chinese Civ Key Terms

Chinese Civ Key Terms - Chinese CivKey Terms: Lecture 2:...

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Chinese Civ—Key Terms: Lecture 2: Anyang: An archaeological site in North China theorized to be the capital city of the Shang Dynasty. Major discoveries were made there in the 1920s, including the finding of thousands of scapulas and turtle shells with engravings on them. These oracle bones are the first evidence historians have of Chinese writing, and this writing system continued to the present time with only minor alterations. The oracle bones also provide us with a first hand account of the life and problems of the people in power during Shang China, as the next reference to Shang China in Chinese history is by the historian Sima Quan who lived during the Han Dynasty. Anyang probably served as the seat of Shang power between 1300-1046 after the capital city was moved during a period of stuggle for succession. Yangshao Period (5000-3000 BC): The first Neolithic culture to be found in China, a village of which was found in Henan. More than 1000 Yangshao period villages have been found along the Yellow River. The Yangshao culture was a culture of millet farmers, and the people lived in lineage units in villages. Remains indicate that these people had shamanistic beliefs and practices. Longshan Period (3000-2000 BC): Longshan settlements are larger than the settlements of the previous Yangshao period, and are surrounded by walls for protection. Many Longshan villages have been found in North China. During the Longshan period, there was the development of an elite population and the beginnings of social stratification. Taosi is a Longshan village that best represents Longshan culture. It shows that Longshan culture had a more advanced political administration, burial practices suggest a social hierarchy. Writing may have developed during this time period as well. Can be considered the intermediary between Yangshao Neolithic culture and the more complex Shang Civilization. Regional interactions began during this time. Erlitou (2000-1600 BC): culture that developed during 2000-1600 BC in a site surrounded by mountains that provided tin and copper resources. Erlitou site consists of 2 palace complexes and 6 other foundations. No writing has been found at the Erlitou site, but complex bronze vessels have been found suggesting that the people there were highly skilled in metallurgy. Vessels found include bronze cups, heating vessels, cauldrons and weapons and, jade decorative objects and symbolic weapons. These remains are evidence that by Erlitou time China has entered the Bronze Age. The age of Erlitou artifacts have been determined through carbon dating, and the Erlitou culture has been linked to the Xia Dynasty, although this is not universally accepted. Jiangzhai:
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course ENG W2018 taught by Professor Niccolas during the Spring '10 term at Columbia.

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Chinese Civ Key Terms - Chinese CivKey Terms: Lecture 2:...

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