Introduction

Introduction - Turnitin.com Submission The Effect of Type...

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Turnitin.com Submission The Effect of Type of Story and Arousal on Emotional Perception The Big Picture Previous research has found that when people are in a certain state of emotion, they come to ascribe certain traits to others that are for the most part inconsistent with that person’s actual characteristics. The perceptions people have on others are highly influenced by emotional arousal. There are a number of internal and external variables that influences a person’s ability to judge the emotional state of others, more specifically, the emotion they are perceived to be expressing. Paulhus, Martin and Murphy (1992) investigated the effects on sex stereotyping of arousal during recall of gender and trait based inferences (p. 325). They did this to observe that if gender is the most salient cue, do inferences tend to be gender based; or if when behavioral information is the most salient cue, do inferences tend to be trait based (p. 325). In order to accomplish this they ran 40 participants through a microcomputer based laboratory in which they were asked to memorize behavioral descriptions of four targets (p. 326). Then they were asked to make 10 trait-based attributions about the targets based on their memory of the behavioral vignettes (p. 326). They found that arousing, operationally defined as white noise (measured in a nominal scale of low to high) increases sex stereotyping when memories of previously stereotyped people are retrieved (p. 329). Those findings imply that when the emotional state of mind of the participant was increased from low to high, their likelihood to stereotype also
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 100B taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '01 term at UCLA.

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Introduction - Turnitin.com Submission The Effect of Type...

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