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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy 100B Philosophy Week 1: After Antiquity the ancient schools the Stoics Epicureans Sceptics Stoics materialist monism materialist theism determinism moral rigor Epicureans atomist materialism atomist theism semi-determinism moral dogmatism the problem: conflict of dogmas the solution: suspension of judgment Sceptics Sceptics Academic Sceptics Academic the only certainty is that nothing can be certainly known Pyrrhonian Sceptics Pyrrhonian no certainty at all even whether anything can be known even or not suspend judgment suspend the common goal of the schools the tranquility different methods dogmatic or sceptical varieties of dogma if the aim of philosophy if is to find tranquility, philosophy is a way of life philosophy way but philosophy is a body of knowledge; knowledge philosophers are spets, spets in a school’s dogma spets spets spets NeoPlatonism the Platonic tradition the Greek commentators the Aristotelian tradition Plotinus (204-70) Plotinus the first Neoplatonist Porphyry (234-305) his student both commentators on Aristotle Porphyry: Porphyry: Introduction; Against the Christians; Christianity, a philosophical sect Christianity, Augustine Augustine • 354 born North Africa (Tunisia) – mother (Tunisia) Christian (Monica) • 375 teaching rhetoric • writing • Manichaeans • scepticism • 384 rhetoric, Milan • 386 reads Platonists • 387 baptized in Milan • Monica dies Monica • 391 founds a monastery, becomes a priest becomes • 392 debates Manichaeans • 395 Bishop of Hippo • 397-401 Confessions 397-401 Confessions • 413 begins City of God City • 425 finishes City Of God City • 430 dies in Hippo dies • 388 returns to Africa • 390 son dies Confessions, Confessions • book 7 form • prayer • co...
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