Antiquity - Philosophy 100B Philosophy Medieval and Early...

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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy 100B Philosophy Medieval and Early Modern Medieval Philosophy Antiquity Antiquity Philosophy non-Western non-Western Western Western ancient VII BCE – V CE medieval V – XV CE modern XV – XX CE contemporary XX – XXI CE Philosophy first questions first where do things come from? what are things made of? what should I do, and why? Philosophy first answers first from the gods from the old stories from observing the world from reasoning Philosophy first questions first where do things come from? parents: divine, human and animal Homer, Hesiod, the myths Homer, what are things made of? what water, air, fire, mind, numbers, elements the Pre-Socratics Philosophy first questions first where do things come from? parents: divine, human and animal parents: what are things made of? what water, air, fire, mind, numbers, elements what should I do, and why? Socrates Socrates 469-399 Socrates Plato 429-347 Aristotle 384-322 Aristotle Aristotle (384-322 BCE) • born in Stagira, near Macedonia, father a physician •Athens in 367 (17), Academy, until Plato died in 347: Athens 367 347 Macedonian connections Macedonian • Assos in the Troad, biological research • Macedonia in 342, tutoring Alexander Macedonia 342 •Athens in 335, founded the Lyceum: teaching and Athens 335 founded research research •Alexander dies, 323; forced to leave Athens; died a Alexander 323 forced year later year Teaching and research in the Lyceum Teaching What was it about? What Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle • • • • • • logic metaphysics moral philosophy political philosophy rhetoric literary criticism • • • • physics cosmology biology psychology Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle • exoteric works: accessible to the public exoteric public • esoteric works: accessible only to students esoteric students Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle • • • • • comprehensive comprehensive systematic technical, analytic, expository technical not narrative, dramatic or poetic not narrative, meant for teaching Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle Aristotelian Corpus Organon Categories words words On Interpretation statements On statements Analytics arguments arguments Topics patterns Topics Sophistical Refutations fallacies fallacies Academics (Platonists) Academics Peripatetics (Aristotelians) Stoics Epicureans Sceptics Cynics NeoPlatonists Philosophy ancient VII BCE – V CE medieval V – XV CE modern XV – XX CE contemporary XX – XXI CE ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course PHILOSOPHY 100B taught by Professor Copenhaver during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

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