Chapter 8

Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Psychometric Approach- an approach to...

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Chapter 8 Psychometric Approach- an approach to cognitive development that focuses on the construction of tests to assess mental abilities. Factory Analysis- a complicated correlational procedure that identifies sets of test items that cluster together. Used to investigate whether intelligence is one trait or an assortment of abilities General Intelligence “g” - in Spearman’s theory, a common underlying intelligence that represents abstract reasoning capacity and that influences, in varying degrees, performance on all types of test items. Distinguished from specific intelligence. Specific Intelligence- in Spearman’s theory, a mental ability that is unique to a test item. Distinguished from general intelligence “g.” Crystallized Intelligence- in Cattells ’s theory, a form of intelligence involving skills that depends on accumulated knowledge and experience, good judgment, and mastery of social customs. Distinguished from fluid intelligence Fluid Intelligence- in Cattells’s theory, a form of intelligence t hat depends primarily on basic information-processing skills-ability to detect relationships among stimuli, speed of analyzing information, and capacity of working memory. Distinguished from crystallized intelligence Three-Stratum Theory of Intelligence- Carroll’s factor -analytic theory, which represents the structure of intelligence in three tiers, with “g” at the top; an array of biologically based abilities In the second tier; and specific behaviors in the third their. The most comprehensive factor-analytic classification of mental abilities to date. Componential Analysis- research that combines the psychometric and information- processing approaches in an effort to identify relationships between aspects (or components) of information processing and chi ldren’s intelligence test performance Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence- Sternberg’s theory, which states that intelligent behavior involved balancing analytical intelligence, creative intelligence,
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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Psychometric Approach- an approach to...

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