Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Psychometric Approach an approach to...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 8 Psychometric Approach- an approach to cognitive development that focuses on the construction of tests to assess mental abilities. Factory Analysis- a complicated correlational procedure that identifies sets of test items that cluster together. Used to investigate whether intelligence is one trait or an assortment of abilities General Intelligence “g” - in Spearman’s theory, a common underlying intelligence that represents abstract reasoning capacity and that influences, in varying degrees, performance on all types of test items. Distinguished from specific intelligence. Specific Intelligence- in Spearman’s theory, a mental ability that is unique to a test item. Distinguished from general intelligence “g.” Crystallized Intelligence- in Cattells ’s theory, a form of intelligence involving skills that depends on accumulated knowledge and experience, good judgment, and mastery of social customs. Distinguished from fluid intelligence Fluid Intelligence- in Cattells’s theory, a form of intelligence t hat depends primarily on basic information-processing skills-ability to detect relationships among stimuli, speed of analyzing information, and capacity of working memory. Distinguished from crystallized intelligence Three-Stratum Theory of Intelligence- Carroll’s factor -analytic theory, which represents the structure of intelligence in three tiers, with “g” at the top; an array of biologically based abilities In the second tier; and specific behaviors in the third their. The most comprehensive factor-analytic classification of mental abilities to date. Componential Analysis- research that combines the psychometric and information- processing approaches in an effort to identify relationships between aspects (or components) of information processing and chi ldren’s intelligence test performance Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence- Sternberg’s theory, which states that
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '08
  • Johnson
  • Intelligence quotient, environmental influences, General Intelligence, mental abilities, Intelligence- Sternberg

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern