Chapter 11

Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Self and Social Understanding...

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Chapter 11 Self and Social Understanding Social Cognition Social Cognition- how children come to understand their multifaceted social world. It proceeds from concrete to abstract. Children start by noticing observable characteristics (their own and othe r‟s appearances/behaviors), and soon become aware of internal processes (desires, beliefs, intentions etc) It becomes better-organized with age. Goes from simple, one-sided explanations to complex, interacting relationships that take into account both person and situation it moves to metacognitive understanding Emergence of Self and Development of Self-Concept a. Self-Awareness o At birth infants sense that they are physically distinct from their surroundings. They have a remarkable capacity for intermodal perception (combine input from more than one sensory system into an integrated whole) which supports the beginnings of self-awareness. o They will cry in response to other newborns but not to recording of their own cries o Rovee- Collier‟s mobile experimen t 2-mo-olds can recall how to produce events tied to self When shown two side-by-side video images of their kicking legs- one from their own perspective (camera behind the baby) and one from an observer‟s perspective (camera in front of the baby)- 3 month olds looked longer at the observer‟s (novel) view. *see slide In another video image- they looked longer at a reversal (novel view) of their leg positions than at a normal view. *see slide 4 months infants look and smile more at video images of others, rather than video images of themselves, showing their recognition of another person as a potential social partner o Self-Recognition- identification of the self as a physically unique being. Occurs around the age of two, and leads to a sense of ownership. Study: 9-28 month olds were placed in front of a mirror. Their mother rubbed red dye on her child‟s nose or foreheads. Younger babies touched the mirror, as if the mark had nothing to do with themselves. Older than 20 months rubbed their strange-looking noses/foreheads, indicating awareness of themselves in the mirror Rouge Test. Mirror self awareness precedes mutual peer imitation.
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Children point to themselves in photos, referring to themselves as “I” or “me” Age 3- children recognize their own shadow. Infants must learn that they are before figuring out who , or what they are Cultural Variation Genrman and Breek practices reflect a distal parenting style (common in cultures that value independence and the Nso people of Cameroon practice a proximal parenting style (common in cultures that value interdependence). Nso predicts later attainment of self-recognition, but earlier emergence of toddler s compliance with adult requests. o
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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Self and Social Understanding...

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