Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Moral Development Domains of Moral...

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Chapter 12 Moral Development Domains of Moral Development 1. Behavior On average, people lie about 6 times a day. Children first begin to lie around the age of 3. What do we know of children‟s morality? o Lewis et al. investigated 2- to 6-yr- old children‟s ab ility to resist temptation and the development of lying. 1. When are children able to resist the impulse to peek at a toy? Peeking is related to: Younger age Lower IQ 2. When do children begin to lie about it? Lying is related to: Older age Higher IQ Infants prefer and individual who helps to one who hinders others (picture of a mountain: choose the one where the mountaineer was being helped up the mountain!) Moral Development- Changes in behaviors, thoughts, and feelings regarding standards of right and wrong. It is a matter of internalization. o Internalization- adopting societal standards for right action as one‟s own o An intrapersonal dimension: Regulates an individual‟s behavior (internal sense of right and wrong) o An interpersonal dimension: Regulates social interactions and arbitrates conflict (moral rules that govern societal behavior- can‟t steal another‟s property, etc.) Induction- an adult helps the child notice other‟s feelings by pointing out the effects of the child‟s misbehavior on others, noting especi ally their distress and making clear that the child caused it. o Ex- “She is crying because you won‟t give back her teddy bear.” o Preschooler‟s parents who use this approach are more likely to refrain from wrong doing Basic Social Learning Principles o Reinforcement, Punishment, Imitation of others However, reinforcement history only partially accounts for moral behavior o Choice of moral behavior is situation specific unless some internalization has occurred
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o Some children are more likely than others to cheat, lie, and steal regardless of reinforcement situation, or context. Social Cognitive Theory o Differences in the ability to resist temptation and cognitive self-control predict moral development (Mischel, 2004) Talking to oneself, looking away Social Cognitive Theory of Morality (Bandura, 1986; Mischel, 1986) o Distinguishes Between: Moral Competence - ability to produce moral behaviors ( i.e. are 13-yr-olds morally mature enough to be tried as adults?) Moral Performance - actual behavior o One does not always predict the other, but why? Performance is determined by motivation , rewards and incentives to act in a moral way (situational) Moral Self-Relevance Emphasizes ethical issues Moral rules, unlike social rules, are obligatory and widely accepted o Violations are affronts to ethical standards ( murder, stealing $ or property, etc.) o Involve concepts of justice What is fair punishment? o
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Moral Development Domains of Moral...

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