Chapter 15

Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Peers, Media and Schooling The...

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Chapter 15 Peers, Media and Schooling The Preschool Years Nonsocial Activity- unoccupied, onlooker behavior and solitary play. Parallel Play- limited for of social participation, in which a child plays near other children with similar materials but does not try to influence their behavior. At the highest level are two forms of true social interaction Associative Play- children engage in separate activities, but, exchange toys and comment on one another’s behavior Cooperative Play- children orient towards a common goal, such as acting out a make- believe theme. This is more advanced Middle Childhood and Adolescence Rough-and-Tumble Play- friendly chasing and play-fighting is a good-natured sociable activity Dominance Hierarchy- a stable ordering of group members that predicts who will win when conflict arises Friendship Friendships- close relationships involving companionship in which each partner wants to be with the other. Peer Acceptance Peer Acceptance- likeability- the extent to which a child is viewed by a group of age mates, such as classmates, as a worthy social partner. Unlike friendship, it is not a mutual relationship, but, rather a one- sided perspective, involving the group’s view of an individual. Sociometric Techniques- to asses peer acceptance, these self-reports are used, as they measure social preferences. Peer Reputation- young people’s judgments of the peers most of their classmates admire, which identify peers high in social prominence (looked up to by many)
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Sociometric Techniques Yield Four Categories of Peer Acceptance o Popular Children- who get many positive votes (are well-liked)
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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Peers, Media and Schooling The...

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