Child Development – Chapter 13 Gender stereotypes – widely held beliefs about characteristics deemed appropriate for males and females Gender roles – the reflection of these stereotypes in everyday behavior Gender identity – the private face of gender – perception of the self as relatively masculine or feminine in characteristics Gender typing – refers broadly to any association of objects, activities, roles, or traits with biological sex in ways that conform to cultural stereotypes of gender Instrumental traits – reflecting competence, rationality, and assertiveness; regarded as masculine Expressive traits – emphasizing warmth, caring, and sensitivity; viewed as feminine Gender-stereotype flexibility – overlap in the characteristics of males and females Androgyny – scoring high on both masculine and feminine personality characteristics Gender constancy – a full understanding of the biologically based permanence of their gender, which combines three understandings:
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 130 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.