Exam1_Study_Guide

Exam1_Study_Guide - Developmental Psychology, Psych 130...

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Developmental Psychology, Psych 130 Winter 2010 Professor Johnson Exam 1 Study Guide Exam 1 (on Thursday, Feb. 4) will include material from lectures and the textbook. Although lecture material will be emphasized for many (but not all) topics, questions are designed in addition to demonstrate that you read the textbook carefully. Use the following as a guide, not as a substitute for reading and lecture notes. Enduring themes in child development What is meant by each of the following: 1. Nature and Nurture 2. Stages 3. Continuity and discontinuity in development 4. Mechanisms of developmental change Research Methods 1. The scientific method: observability, reliability, validity, measurability, replicability 2. The six steps in conducting a study 3. Designs for examining development: cross-sectional, longitudinal, microgenetic designs (strengths and weaknesses) 4. Correlational designs, experimental designs, naturalistic and structured observations, self- reports, interviews, case studies (strengths and weaknesses) 5. Various terms: independent variable, dependent variable, causation, random assignment 6. Ethics in research with children Brain Development Know these terms: 1. Ectoderm, neural plate, neural tube, ventricular zone 2. Sensitive period 3. Bidirectional influences 4. Probabilistic epigenesis 5. Synaptogenesis + synaptic pruning 6. Areal specificity 7. Equipotentiality Prenatal Development 1. What are the three periods of prenatal development? 2. Threats to prenatal development (e.g., teratogens) 3. Fetal learning Genetic and Environmental Forces 1. What is a gene? 2. Genotype vs. phenotype. 3. Heritability – what is it? What do we learn from twin studies?
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4. Imprinting 5. What are characteristics of babies and maternal behavior that promote attachment? Motor development 1. Newborn reflexes 2. Motor skills as dynamic systems 3. 4. Methods for studying motor development Perceptual development 1. Parsing visual and auditory input 2. Depth cues: Pictorial, motion, binocular 3. Methods for assessing development of depth perception 4. Perception of object unity 5. Development of attention What is foveation? Why does the visual system work that way? 6.
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 130 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Exam1_Study_Guide - Developmental Psychology, Psych 130...

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