Psych 130 Presentation Outline

Psych 130 Presentation Outline - 07:55 Tracking the Unique...

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07:55 Tracking the Unique Effects of Print Exposure in Children: Associations with Vocabulary, General Knowledge, and Spelling. By Anne E. Cunningham and Keith E. Stanovich. Published in the Journal of Educational Psychology in1991 The Big Questions: What effects does literacy have on cognitive functioning? Is it important to emerge children to literature at a young age? Is reading “good”, or is it oversold? Purpose of the Study: Assess the unique effects of print exposure (operationally defined as the Title Recognition Test) to cognitive development (operationally defined as spelling, vocabulary, verbal fluency, word knowledge, and general information). Hypothesis: Greater Exposure to print leads to better cognitive ability in the skills of Vocabulary, General Knowledge, and Spelling. Subjects: The subjects were 34 fourth-grade children (16 boys and 18 girls), 33 fifth-grade children (16 boys and 17 girls), and 67 sixth-grade children (30 boys and 37 girls) recruited from a lower-middle-class school in the San Francisco Bay area. The children were tested during the May-July period of a year-round school curriculum. Measures: 8 Title Recognition Test o Consisted of a total of 39 items: 25 actual children's book titles and 14 foils for book names. The titles were selected from a sample of book titles generated by groups of children in pilot investigations. In selecting the 25 items to appear on the TRT, an attempt was made to choose titles that were not prominent parts of the classroom reading activities in the particular schools participating in this investigation. Because we wanted the TRT to probe out-of-school rather than school-directed reading, an attempt was made to avoid authors and books that were regularly studied in the school curriculum. Of course, versions of the TRT constructed for other classrooms will quite necessarily differ somewhat in item content. The foils were generated by us and randomly interspersed among the
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Psych 130 Presentation Outline - 07:55 Tracking the Unique...

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