sociology cheat sheet 4

sociology cheat sheet 4 - *Family (as one of the social...

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* Family (as one of the social institutions): a group of kin united by blood, marriage, or adoption who shares a common residence for some part of their lives and assume reciprocal rights and obligations with regard to one another. Family cares for our basic needs, basic institution of society Family (a family member may not always be included in the household) vs. Household (people who live together) Nuclear vs. extended (anything added to nuclear family) , modified extended family (keeping contact with extended family) Family of orientation /procreation Marriage rules: monogamy (marriage to 1 other person) , serial mono (marry 1 person at a time—remarriage) , polygamy (marriage or 2 or more spouses— polygyny : men marry mult. women [rich men can afford mult. wives]; polyandry : women marry multiple men) , group marriage (share everything: property, love, money, sex—doesn’t last) Descent (group membership for each child): bi-lateral (belong equally to mother and father’s side); patrilineal descent (you belong to your father’s side); matrilineal descent (belong to your mother’s side). // Endogamy : marriage inside a particular group (humans) or same race, religion; Exogamy : marriage outside a particular group (marriage of opp. sex/family). // Arranged : someone else chose for the 2 to marry (forced marriage); Romantic : marriage of couples in love (leads to higher divorce rate because ppl fall out of love); matrilineal cross-cousin marriage : started from men; must marry someone in family. Many families connected through marriage—less fighting *Functionalist view of family : Family is universal. 5 functions: 1. Economic cooperation/support : husband & wife share money, shelter w/ their children as well (without family children/elderly can’t survive) 2. Socialization : without socialization from family, children can’t function 3. Affection/Emotional Support: easier to live with other people—confide in others 4. Sexual Regulation : very few societies in which adultery is condoned. Marriage is a good device to control sexual drives 5. Reproduction/Social Placement: we need a marriage/family for reproduction. When women have a baby, they need a man for protection, fatherly figure. Complimentary needs for the division of labor by gender : men excel in money, power (earn income men make more $); women excel in children, housework (women stay home); now both men & women go out to work; complimentary needs —they need each other. *Conflict Perspective (macro) : feminist theory : men and women on opposite ends; marriage is unfair , “Gender Factory,” housework = resources : whoever is in power of the household does not do housework. According to conflict perspective, family members continually struggle for power and control. Conflict, which stems from the unequal distribution of scarce resources, is a major force behind social
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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sociology cheat sheet 4 - *Family (as one of the social...

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