sociology cheat sheet 3

sociology cheat sheet 3 - - Stratification: inequality of...

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- Stratification : inequality of an entire society (marco)—(US: stratified society). Function: those who work harder get rewarded. Before stratified society: Hunting & gathering Inequality : between 2 people (mirco). Both are universal - Lenski’s historical view : : H/G society (moved around), Horticul: no surplus; planted crops (stay in one area) /changed society the most Agrarian: began to use iron plow (agriculture)—first time they had a surplus of food, Industrialized: began to use coal & power (other than animals), & Post-Industrial: age of computers/information - Technology (changes everything/society), Division of labor (complicates things, who does more work), Surplus (started inequality) & Stratification - “Origins of Family, Private Property, and states” – Karl Marx o Private Property : at first everyone shares (coke bottle), later caused conflict Family : began as larger groups, they later separated into smaller families that shared private property States related to large families - Class : social class began stratification, Status : which family you’re from, & parties : group you belong to (political party) to define power by Weber - What’s the Social Class? Classification Scheme & Life Chances: Social Class : a category of people who have about the same amount of power/wealth, share common interest. It determines your future (higher classes have a better chance to succeed). You can move up or down a class, but usually you stay in the same class. Class Consciousness : people in the same class have to share the same common interest - Socio – economic status: Broader term than social class. Income and education are easy to measure; occupation is more difficult to measure. - Occupational Prestige Scores: subjective nature ( Occupational prestige : how sociologists measure occupations) o Occupational prestige is determined by the average American public questionnaires (completely subjective) o Consistency Across time & society, blue/white collar jobs – W.C. jobs tend to be higher. Many women jobs are rated higher, yet paid less than men Theories of Stratification (inequality is universal) - o If we were all paid the same—everyone would want an easy job; no one works hard. Higher pay for more difficu - Dysfunctions: limit productivity (born rich no point in working), animosity (some people get jealous of rich people), no social change (people on top try to protect their status[make a lot of money/power]) - Conflict theory : legitimation, class/false consciousness, & ideology (set of ideas about what society is like, how it functions, good or bad) o Karl Marx hated every aspect of inequality. Legitimation : okay with inequality, Class Consciouness (says I’m poor bc of society) - Neo – Marxism (discovered by Eric Wright)—Formulation of Social Class Bourgeoisie : owns sufficient capital to hire workers & not
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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sociology cheat sheet 3 - - Stratification: inequality of...

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