sociology cheat sheet 2

sociology cheat sheet 2 - Chapte 4: Structure g r , roups...

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Chapter 4: Structure, groups, & organizations - Social structure : relatively stable patterns of society, such as the ways in which people & groups are related to each other & the characteristics of groups influencing our behavior o Statuses, roles, groups, organizations, institutions - Status : social position (not high or low) - role : expected behavior of status - Social status: ascribed vs. achieved, status set/master status o Ascribed: assigned to you (gender) Achieved : status you earned (LSU student) o Status set: the different statuses we each have Master Status : a person’s most imp status (defines you) - Role Set: the multiple roles attached to statuses Role perception : how you/ppl perceive your status (LSU student hardworking) - Role performance : how you act Role Ambiguity : not clearly defined role (ex spouse) Role Conflict : different roles conflict with each other Role Strain : involves a single status that conflicts with itself (college student: study or party?) - Groups : 1. Statistical (families w 2 children) 2. Categorical (red heads) 3. Aggregate (football crowd) 4. Associational: social group (sociology class) - Social groups : 1. Primary : smaller, more intimate 2. Secondary : large, task oriented, less intimate, more formal - Racial integrations : start with secondary groups may lead to racial integrations with primary groups - In vs. Out Groups : In groups : race, age, LSU (you belong to your “in group”) Out Groups: other race, other college - Social Conformity : When people try to do what everyone else is doing. Sometimes people will disagree but go along with it anyways. - Peer Groups, Peer Pressure : when you do things against your own will to fit in with others of the same age (peers) - : Reference group o Broader term than peer group Relative Deprivation : a feeling of being deprived, not because of objective conditions, but because of comparison to a reference group *Small & Large Groups (Dyad, triad, etc.) - Dyad : 2 person group; triad : 3 person group - Theory of Transivity (for triad) *Group Size & its effect (interaction, division of labor, structure, & cohesion) - group size greatly affects interaction in group: small groups = more intimate, large groups = less labor per person - Instrumental vs. Expressive Leaders Instrumental task oriented leader; Expressive keeps peace in the group Instrumental Leaders (task oriented leaders—important for leaders to know what kind of group it is, to know how to lead that group) o Authoritarian: serious all the time, no joke, tells everyone what to do (Nick Saban) good for crisis o Democratic: nice guy, listens to others, keeps the group going (Les Miles) good for morale o Laissez-fair : only works if the group knows what to do. Leader doesn’t do much; groups work on their own. (NFL coaches)
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sociology cheat sheet 2 - Chapte 4: Structure g r , roups...

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