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Unformatted text preview: History 420 In-class notes- September 2, 2008 As taken in reference to a hand-out from Professor Spieler and from her lecture on given hand- out. Court Society and its critics- French organization: corporately organized society of privileged groups - corps- body corporation- As opposed to the Absolute sovereigns ideal o Idea of making up a monarchy with the people o Picture of the cover of Leviathan (1651) o o Body made of the people of the kingdom- Features of Absolute Sovereignty o Divine Right of Kinds derived from being anointed by officials in coronation ceremony o 17 th century: claim that their Divine Power comes from G-d and heredity. Represents a supreme power over all institutions (including the church). o Claim over land without consulting bodies in this area. o Fiscal power: necessary to extract as much money as possible through untraditional means. (including levying troops and organizing them).- Limits of Absolute power o Bound by G-d (theoretically) o (Practical) constant negotiations with bodies making up the realm. o Landed nobility exempt from Main-land taxes. o Robe Nobles (judges) buy their seats but often come from dynasties. Expect to be able to sell their seats and make a profit....
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