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romeass10 - Nitish Venkatesh Rome assignment#10 97-110 1 In...

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Nitish Venkatesh Rome assignment #10 97-110 1) In the 130 years following the end of the war with Pyrrhus (281-275), what factors would put major strains on the Republic’s traditional structure and on its customary ways of making war and forging alliances? New elite group, the nobility, emerged to lead rome political structure. Participation in more wider scale wars 2) Recall that one of the provisions of the Licinian-Sextian Laws (page 60) fixed the office of consul as the highest in the city. This same law permitted plebians to compete for the office of consul. Then, the tribune Lucius Genucius “had a law passed requiring that at least one of the two consuls chosen each year be plebian” (page 61). Both of these measures were passed sometime near the middle of the fourth century B.C. Now, these changes contribute to the formation of a new kind of elite in the fourth and third centuries B.C. What will the members of this new elite be called? Nobiles or the Nobility 3) Name one way in which the old patriciate, the system formed by the patricii, was different from this newly emergent elite. Always an aristocracy at birth and belong to military forces of their own. 4) The members of the new elite were not an aristocracy of birth, nor did the leading members possess significant military forces of their own. How then did they establish and maintain their position in the city? Had to establish and maintain their place on city within a framework of elective offices, priesthoods, and formal political and religious institutions. 5) Upon what source of wealth had the old elite, the patriciate, depended? Landholding, 6) In what way was the new elite’s social and political standing less secure than had been the standing of the members of the patriciate?
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More competitive end of page 98 7) What Latin phrase designated those men who were from families that had never held office but who, nevertheless, succeeded in gaining at least the lower magistracies?
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