September 8

September 8 - Lecture #6, September 8, 2008 Chemistry of...

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Lecture #6, September 8, 2008 Chemistry of Alkanes Simplest organic compounds, C n H 2n+2 (also known as saturated hydrocarbons) Hybridization of carbon is sp 3 ; carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen sigma bonds, hence, relatively inert IUPAC Nomenclature Parent Alkanes Methane CH 4 Ethane C 2 H 6 Propane C 3 H 8 Butane C 4 H 10 Pentane C 5 H 12 Hexane C 6 H 14 Heptane C 7 H 16 Octane C 8 H 18 Nonane C 9 H 20 Decane C 10 H 22 General Formula C n H 2n+2 Isomers and Constitutional (or Structural) Isomerism Butane and 2-methylpropane Condensed structural formulas and bond line formulas Constitutional isomers differ in connectivity or sequence in which atoms are bonded ConcepTest (CT) Arrange the constitutional isomers of C 5 H 12 in order of increasing boiling points. (A) CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 3 < (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH 2 CH 3 < (CH 3 ) 4 C (B) (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH 2 CH 3 < CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 3 < (CH 3 ) 4 C (C) (CH 3 ) 4 C < CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 3 < (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH 2 CH 3 (D) (CH 3 ) 4 C < (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH 2 CH
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2010 for the course CHEM 3311 at Colorado.

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September 8 - Lecture #6, September 8, 2008 Chemistry of...

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