25_8_31 - Before we start Phonetics Aug. 31 1. Review...

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1 Phonetics Aug. 31 1. Review subdisciplines of linguistics 2. Introduction to phonetics 3. Reminders Before we start… • When you email me your questions/comments, please make sure that you write your name somewhere! I cannot figure out who you are from email addresses alone. • Also, both of your questions/comments should be on one email. • The deadline for your questions/comments is Thursday 9am. • Please do not use d2l emails or pagers (I will not respond). Review • What is morphology? b The study of how words are constructed. b Example: students b student + - s hopefuller b hope + full + -er b The study of the origin of words is called etymology. Review 2 • What is syntax? b The study of how sentences are constructed. b Example: The spy saw the cop with binoculars. b Who has the binoculars? The spy? The cop? b The answer depends on whether the prepositional phrase (PP) modifies the verb ‘saw’ or the noun phrase (NP) ‘the cop’. Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar • What is descriptive and prescriptive grammar? Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar • Descriptive Grammar – A grammar that seeks to describe human linguistic ability and knowledge (i.e., mental grammar), not to prescribe one system in preference to another. • Prescriptive Grammar – A grammar that aims to
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25_8_31 - Before we start Phonetics Aug. 31 1. Review...

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