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For us grammar refers to a speakers largely speaker

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Unformatted text preview: 007 noun phrase article noun verb (word) verb word word [ǝ wægǝn] wæg n] prefix stem suffix [ǝ wægǝn] wæg n] INDV101 – Fall 2007 7 Morphology? • Here is a different word of Navajo: • bi’niishhóósh bi’ niishhóósh • What does this word mean? • (Hint – it does not mean ‘puppy’ or puppy’ ‘cute’) cute’ Morphology? • bi’niishhóósh ‘I begin to tickle him/her/it’ – bi- ‘him/her/it’ bi- him/her/it’ – ’nii- ‘begin to’ niito’ – sh- ‘I’ sh– hóósh ‘tickle’ óósh tickle’ ? INDV101 – Fall 2007 • Technically, the whole thing is a word – a verb • It’s also a sentence! So where is the boundary between morphology & syntax? INDV101 – Fall 2007 Syntax? Or Grammar? • You will learn when you read chapter 1 of the Winkler text that she uses the word grammar grammar for what I’ll call syntax. I’ syntax. • We shall use the term grammar to refer to all of the different levels of language patterning – phonetics/phonology, morphology & syntax. • For us, grammar refers to a speaker’s largely speaker’ • We are not frightened by this. We are linguists and we know that words may...
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