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Chapter 4 - life Carbon has an electron configuration which...

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Molecules that are mirror images of each other Enantiomers covalent partnership, but they differ in spatial arrangements Geometric ers in the covalent arrangements of their atoms Structural AP Biology Name _Adeesh Jain_____________ Chapter 4 Guided Reading Assignment 1. Why is organic chemistry so important in the study of biology? Organic chemistry is the study of carbon, and carbon accounts for the large diversity of biological molecules. Carbon is in DNA, carbohydrates and other molecules which we need in our body. 2. Why was the Urey-Miller experiment so important? The Urey-Miller experiment was an experiment to make an inorganic salt. Instead, urea was created, which was the first time anyone created an organic compound using inorganic ingredients. The cyanate, though, came from animal blood, but a few years after, one of the students of Wohler’s made urea purely through inorganic materials. This caused the idea of vitalism to change to mechanism. 3. What is special about carbon that makes it the central atom in the chemistry of
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Unformatted text preview: life? Carbon has an electron configuration which allows it to have covalent bonds with many different elements. It is like a “connecter” piece connecting four different parts together. Use the diagram below to label and contrast the three types of isomers. Create a table below: after each functional group – draw the structure, name the compound, write and example and note the functional properties Functional Group Structure Examples Properties a. Hydroxyl —OH ethanol is polar, can form hydrogen bonds b. Carbonyl acetone & propanal ketone and aldehyde structural isomers Page 1 of 2 c. Carboxyl acetic acid has acidic properties d. Amino glycine can act as base e. Sulfhydryl —SH ethanethiol stabilizes protein f. Phosphate glycerol phosphate has potential to react with water, releasing energy g. Methyl 5-methyl cytidine Arrangement of methyl groups in male and female affects shape and function Page 2 of 2...
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Chapter 4 - life Carbon has an electron configuration which...

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