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3/10/201IntelligenceMaya GodboleIntroduction to PsychologyMarch 6, 20202
3/10/202Some people think intelligence is one general ability…Spearman’s general intelligence (g)•Humans have one general intelligence that is at the core of everything a person does•Intelligence involves distinct abilities which correlate enough to define a general intelligence factor•E.g., someone who is high in verbal intelligence is likely high in spatial reasoning3…while others believe we have multiple intelligences.Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence•Analytical intelligence (school smarts): Traditional academic problem solving•Creative intelligence (trailblazing smarts): Ability to generate novel ideas•Practical intelligence (street smarts): Skill at handling everyday tasks4
3/10/203…while others believe we have multiple intelligences.Gardner’s multiple intelligences•Eight relatively independent intelligences exist•Includes verbal and mathematical aptitudes assessed by standard tests, along with others•People might be strong in some areas, and falter in others5What about emotional intelligence?The ability to….•Understand the emotions of yourself and others•Show empathy•Understand social relationships and cues•Regulate your own emotions6
3/10/204Crystallized & Fluid Intelligence•Crystallized intelligence: acquired knowledge and the ability to retrieve it•Fluid intelligence: ability to see complex relationships and solve problems7Thinking Creatively•Creativity: the ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities•