Enlightenmentnotes - and popularized and worked with ideas...

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Enlightenment, also called “Age of Reason”. 17 th century Constituted a rejection of the assumptions of medieval and renaissance thought, which was based around Christianity. Limited in scope: centered in western Europe and spread to elite and middle classes Most important concepts: reason, nature, change and progress. Assumptions should be subject to empirical scrutiny. No innate ideas/revealed truth Philosophes: French for philosophers. Intellectuals who pondered questions such as “what is the nature of God?” Most were not formally trained, more literary than scientific,
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Unformatted text preview: and popularized and worked with ideas of others rather than make their own. Developed philosophy of Enlightenment and spread it to western Europe and American colonies. • Isaac Newton: regarded by the philosphes as the synthesizer of the Scientific Revolution, described universe as material, ordered and mechanical and was a deist. Nature functioned logically, and what is natural is also reasonable. Philosophes felt that is methodology, which relied on empiricism, was the correct means of arriving at truth. •...
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