notesjan23 - 1) What do we mean by inequality?...

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1) What do we mean by inequality? Stratification? a. Social inequality: unequal access to resources (education, government services, healthcare, social networking, food, jobs, clean water, etc) in society b. There are patterns to unequal distribution of resources, sociologists have found that these patterns are based on characteristics such as race, gender, ethnicity, social class c. Social class: where you are in the hierarchy. Based on income, education, occupation. These things determine one’s life chances, which refers to the probabilities of benefitting or suffering from the opportunities or disadvantages that society offers. In this way, social inequality is reproduced. d. Women and minorities underrepresented in upper middle class e. Stratification: system in which differentially rewarded social positions in the economic structure are passed through generations, passing down of positions takes two forms: caste and class. Caste system is considered closed system (no mobility,) class system is considered to be open, social mobility is possible
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course SOCL 211 taught by Professor Trinidad during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.

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notesjan23 - 1) What do we mean by inequality?...

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