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Unformatted text preview: recognized that social problems caused by humans and needed human solutions, didn’t like idea of an absolute king • Sparta 8 th century BCE conquered Messenia and made them state serfs called helots. Afraid of uprising, Spartans turned their society into armed camp. Fiercely chauvinistic and trained as soldiers from young age • Greek states had four stages of rule: monarchy (king) oligarchy (aristocratic, which means “rule of the best”), tyranny (one dude who seizes power) and democracy (ruled by the people) • 621 BCE begins civil war because peasants can’t pay back dept to aristocrats. Then solon the reformer came along and cancelled depts., free enslaved Athenians, initiated transformation to democracy • 605 pisistratus the tyrant, gained support by painting himself advocate of peasants • Around 527 BCE Cleisthenes promoted democracy through redistricting and ostracism...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course HUMN 220 taught by Professor Evans during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.
- Spring '08