notesch3perry - recognized that social problems caused by...

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Greeks saw nature has having rules, not ruled by demons. Thus, believed in rational though and people being responsible for own actions Two civilizations before Hellenic: Minoan and Mycenaean. Minoan peaceful, no war paintings or thick walls. Made them vulnerable to attack. Mycenaean civ had many small states, 1400 – 1230 b.c.e Fighting amongst selves led to destruction 1100 – 800 bce dark ages after Mycenaean and before Hellenic. After 800 bce town life revives, with writing in Phoenician script. Settled into colonies and urbanized. Homer lived during 8 th century BC. Greek ideal of arête (excellence) demonstrated in his works. Also find beginning of greek humanism (concern with man and achievements). His works set foundation for Olympian religion 750 – 323 bce many city-states. 5 th century BCE polis (city-state) emph power of citizens, not gods (but had originally been based in religion). Peasants still worshiped so mythical-religious still existed but became weaker in time. Greeks
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Unformatted text preview: recognized that social problems caused by humans and needed human solutions, didn’t like idea of an absolute king • Sparta 8 th century BCE conquered Messenia and made them state serfs called helots. Afraid of uprising, Spartans turned their society into armed camp. Fiercely chauvinistic and trained as soldiers from young age • Greek states had four stages of rule: monarchy (king) oligarchy (aristocratic, which means “rule of the best”), tyranny (one dude who seizes power) and democracy (ruled by the people) • 621 BCE begins civil war because peasants can’t pay back dept to aristocrats. Then solon the reformer came along and cancelled depts., free enslaved Athenians, initiated transformation to democracy • 605 pisistratus the tyrant, gained support by painting himself advocate of peasants • Around 527 BCE Cleisthenes promoted democracy through redistricting and ostracism...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course HUMN 220 taught by Professor Evans during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.

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