THE (VERY MINIMAL) PLACE OF INTELLIGENT DESIGN IN THE
A REPLY TO JOHN ANGUS CAMPBELL
John Angus Campbell, Professor of Communication at the University of
Memphis, recommends "teaching the controversy" of intelligent design ("ID") vs.
"Darwinism" in public schools.
In 2003 he co-edited an anthology,
and Public Education
, promoting such a curricular revision. Campbell contributed the
book's preface, "Why Are We Still Debating Darwin?
Why Not Teach the Controversy?"
as well as its seminal article, "Intelligent Design, Darwinism, and the Philosophy of
Since ID and Darwin's theory stand in opposition to one another, he
thinks, both should be taught in biology classes.
The idea of "teaching the controversy" enjoys widespread support.
In a meeting
with reporters in August, 2005, President George W. Bush weighed in, asserting:
Both sides ought to be properly taught . . . so people can understand what the
debate is about . . . .
Part of education is to expose people to different schools of
thought . . . .
You're asking me whether or not people ought to be exposed to
different ideas, and the answer is yes.
Also, in comments published in 2004 in
, Bush said that "scientific critiques of
any theory should be a normal part of the science education."
Furthermore, during a trial
in the fall, 2005, pitting Tammy Kitzmiller
versus the Dover, Pennsylvania, School
., Board President Sheila Harkins explained why she had voted in favor of a
proposal requiring students to be made aware of "other theories" of evolution:
'this is another way to make them think.' . . . If you're going to say 'other theories,' then
you need to have an example of what 'other theories' is."
Also noteworthy is a poll
conducted July 7-17, 2005, by Princeton Survey Research Associates International
indicating that 64% of Americans are "open to the idea of teaching creationism along
with evolution in the public schools,"
and, as will shortly be made clear, ID is a more
John Angus Campbell, "Why Are We Still Debating Darwinism?
Why Not Teach the Controversy?" in
Darwinism, Design, and Public Education
John Angus Campbell and Stephen C. Meyer (East
Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press, 2003), xi-xxxviii, and John Angus Campbell,
"Intelligent Design, Darwinism, and the Philosophy of Public Education," in
Darwinism, Design, and
, ed, John Angus Campbell and Stephen C. Meyer (East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan
State University Press, 2003), 3-44.
Cf. John Angus Campbell, Review of Michael Ruse,
But Is It Science?
The Philosophical Question in the Evolution/Creation Controversy,