February 14

February 14 - February 14, 2007 The family was a...

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February 14, 2007 The family was a fundamental institution in Late Imperial Chinese, for all social classes. Ideological and religious zong Scoial jia Economic patriline I. Historical Background a. The Zhou king, the founder of the dynasty, sent his son out to rule as feudal lords, suppose the first son gets a chunk and then passes it to his son. And this son will inherit his dominant position in the family also. And the king son’s brother would become ministers. And the minister’s son would become shi. b. Younger brother get less social status than their older brothers. c. The families of commoners didn’t have property rights, they couldn’t constitute a jia. II. Jia a. Historical product, product of politics i. Aristocratic family was very powerful. b. When beaucracy is developed when the Shou is breaking and Qin is developing i. Given land rights, in return for paying military duty, taxes, and labor directly to the emperor ii. The big estates of the feudal lords are broken up and they loose the right pass it down to their oldest son. So now it is required by law that the son divide the property equally between the sons. c. i. smaller unit, easier for state to control, represents realistic living III. Family is ideological and religious a. Ideology-justifies the power structures i. Family justified the state and the family as a whole
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February 14 - February 14, 2007 The family was a...

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