socpsy-lecture1

socpsy-lecture1 - Social Psychology- lecture 1- September...

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Social Psychology- lecture 1- September 11, 2008 Research methods in social psychology The goals of science - to predict - understand - control the scientific method: provides a number of logical steps that allow us to make statements about causual relations between two or more variables a. hume’s rules for causality - a means of distinguishing between explanatory verus descriptive research e.g. punishment causes aggression A Punishment at home (perday) 1-5 6- 10 11-15 16- 20 21 or more B Teachers ratings of aggressiveness 3 6 9 12 15 Does a (punishmnt) cause b(aggressiveness)? A causes b B causes a C causes a and b c could be a mental disorder Humes rules (cont) 1. constant union—as a varies b varies a. descriptice or correlation 2. temporal atecedent- a change in a must alwaus preced a cange in b 3. spatial- temporal contiguity- a and b must be shown to co-occur in space and time four steps of the scientific method 1. formulate hypothesis- changes in one or more variable causes a change in
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socpsy-lecture1 - Social Psychology- lecture 1- September...

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