Lecture - Victims and Offenders

Lecture - Victims and Offenders - Crime Victims and...

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Unformatted text preview: Crime Victims and Offenders Offenders Age, Race, Gender and Income The Colors of America The Colors of America 2000 Census Data: 82.2% White 12.8% African American 0.9% Native American 4.1% Asian/Pacific Islander 11.8% Hispanic* (*Self­identified within other 4 categories) Demographics Demographics 2003 incarceration rates Hispanics are incarcerated 2.6 times as often as whites African Americans are incarcerated 7.3 times as often as whites Disparity v. Discrimination Disparity v. Discrimination Disparity Difference not always about discrimination Discrimination Differential treatment not based on behavior or qualifications Discrimination­Disparity Discrimination­Disparity Continuum Systematic discrimination Institutionalized discrimination Contextual discrimination Individual discrimination Pure justice – No discrimination – Discrimination within entire CJ system – Disparities based on established policies – Discrimination in certain situations – Discrimination by specific justice officials Criminal Justice data on race & Criminal Justice data on race & ethnicity No data exist in many categories – Majority of data is for African Americans – Slow increase in Hispanic data Many CJ agencies use different categories Division of “white” vs. “nonwhite” sometimes used Statistically, crime is mostly intraracial, not interracial – – Lumps all non­“whites” together Implies homogeneity – Political & crime resource implications Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1973-2006 Property Crime Victimization Property Crime Victimization Property crimes were experienced by 186 of 1,000 black households and 157 of 1,000 white households. Burglaries were experienced by 42 of 1,000 black households and 29 of 1,000 white households. For motor vehicle theft, the rates were 15 per 1,000 black households and 7 per 1,000 white households. The theft rate was 128 per 1,000 black households and 121 per 1,000 white households. Property crime rates for Hispanics were 212 per 1,000 households, and non­ Hispanics were 155 per 1,000 households. Hispanic households had motor vehicle theft rates at 13 per 1,000 compared to 8 per 1,000 for non­Hispanics. Total 2008 Arrests, By Race Total 2008 Arrests, By Race TOTAL 1% 1% 28% White Black American Indian or Alaskan Native 70% Asian or Pacific Islander Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports, 2008 2008 Homicide Arrests, By Race 2008 Homicide Arrests, By Race Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 1% 1% White Black 48% 50% American Indian or Alaskan Native Asian or Pacific Islander 2008 Arrests for Rape, by Race 2008 Arrests for Rape, by Race Forcible rape 32% 1% White Black 3% American Indian or Alaskan Native 1% Asian or Pacific Islander 66% 2008 Arrests, by Race 2008 Arrests, by Race Property crime Violent crime Arson Motor vehicle theft Larceny-theft Burglary Aggravated assault Robbery 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 Total arrests Asian or Pacific Islander Total arrests American Indian or Alaskan Native Total arrests Black Total arrests White Income Income Household income less than $7,500, robbery rate were 7 per 1,000 households and $75,000 or more were 2 per 1,000. 1,000 households for income less than $7,500 and 3 per 1,000 for income $75,000 or more. Aggravated assault rates were 13 per Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1973-2006 Age of Arrestee, 2007 Age of Arrestee, 2007 Property crime Violent crime Arson Motor vehicle theft Larceny-theft Burglary Aggravated assault Robbery Forcible rape Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter TOTAL 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Percent of total all ages Under 15 Percent of total all ages Under 18 Percent of total all ages Under 21 Percent of total all ages Under 25 Percent of total all ages 25 and older Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports, 2007 •Males experienced higher victimization rates than females for all types of violent crime except rape/sexual assault. •According to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports, most murder victims were male, 79% in 2006. •Men were more likely than women to be the victim of a carjacking (2 men and 1 women per 10,000 persons) Arrests by Gender, 2007 Arrests by Gender, 2007 Property crime Violent crime Arson Motor vehicle theft Larceny-theft Burglary Aggravated assault Robbery Forcible rape Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter TOTAL Percent male Percent female 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports, 2007 In 2007, 78 percent of homicide victims were male 47 percent of victims were white, 49 percent were black, and 4 percent were “other” or unknown 54 percent of male victims were black, 43 percent were white, and 3 percent were “other” or unknown White men are 2.6 times more likely to be killed than white women; Black men are 3 times more likely to be victims than black women Homicide Victims, by Race and Homicide Victims, by Race and Gender Source: FBI Uniform Crime Reports, Expanded Homicide Data table 1 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course SOCI 353 taught by Professor Sternheimer during the Fall '09 term at USC.

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